Jan 19 2016
Hawk on pig? Well, almost…
Caracara on capybara.
The mammal is a capybara (Hydrochoeris hydrochaeris), the world’s largest rodent. Its scientific name is Greek for “water pig.” Its English name means “eats slender leaves” in the extinct Tupi language of Brazil.
Semi-aquatic, vegetarian, and closely related to the guinea pig, capybaras swim a lot. They eat grass and aquatic plants which fortunately wear down their continuously growing teeth. They also eat their own feces to get more nutrition out of their partially digested food.
Capybaras are big. They stand as tall as a German shepherd but of course they’re not the same shape and they weigh a lot more. For a sense of scale, here’s a group of capybaras grazing in a park in Brazil.
These groups are typical. Capybaras are very social and live with 10-20 and up to 100 other individuals. The round bump on their snouts is a scent gland called a morillo which they rub on everything to say “I’m here.” They also use anal scent glands and urine for the same purpose. Obviously capybaras do not make good pets.
As for the bird, why is the caracara on the capybara?
More on that tomorrow.
(photos from Wikimedia Commons. Click on the images to see the originals.)
(*) Both the bird and the mammal have increased their range into southern Central America.