If you’re from Pennsylvania you may not realize we have few woodpecker species compared to the western states of California, Oregon and Washington.
Sixteen of North America’s 22 woodpecker species regularly occur in the Pacific states while only seven occur in Pennsylvania. Five of our species are also found out west though the yellow-bellied sapsucker is rare.
Let’s take a look at western woodpeckers compared to Pennsylvania’s.
|Western Woodpeckers (Pacific states)||Pennsylvania Woodpeckers|
|(Yellow-bellied sapsucker is rare)||Yellow-bellied sapsucker|
|6||Gila woodpecker (California & southwest)|
|7||American three-toed woodpecker (not in California)|
|9||Downy woodpecker||Downy woodpecker|
|10||Nuttall’s woodpecker (California only)|
|11||Ladder-backed woodpecker (California & southwest)|
|12||Hairy woodpecker||Hairy woodpecker|
|14||Pileated woodpecker||Pileated woodpecker|
|15||Northern flicker (red-shafted)||Northern flicker (yellow-shafted)|
|16||Gilded flicker (California & Arizona)|
With the most habitat diversity and a lot of trees, California wins the prize in the western woodpecker tableau.